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The publication ethics of the Ortodoncie journal are based on the Ethical Code of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and on the examples of good practice in the Czech and international academia (e.g. rules in Elsevier’s Publishing Ethics Resource Kit). The ethical code of the journal consists of four parts dealing with the responsibilities of authors, reviewers, editors and the publisher.

General principles

The Ortodoncie journal follows accepted principles of publication ethics (COPE).  Documents involving clinical research should observe the instructions of the Declaration of Helsinki with a statement included in the text confirming that the protocols were observed and that the patients involved gave their written informed consent (detailed information on informed consent is available in the relevant section).

Submitted manuscripts must comply with recommendations on conducting, reporting, editing and publishing research in medical journals, and should strive to include representative human populations (by sex, age and ethnic origin) in accordance with these recommendations.

Rights on the protection of persons, animals and other research subjects must always be respected. Research on patients or experimental animals must be approved by the relevant ethics committee, and manuscripts should always include the reference number of the ethics committee decision.


Ethics committee

A research protocol must be submitted for evaluation, opinion, guidance and approval to the relevant ethics committee prior to beginning the research. The ethics committee must be transparent in its workings, independent of the research in question, its sponsor or any other party involved in deciding on the acceptance of the work; and it must be duly qualified.

It must abide by the laws and regulations of any country or countries in which the research is to be conducted, as well as applicable international standards. The ethics committee cannot restrict or eliminate any protection of research subjects. The ethics committee is entitled to observe research in progress.

Researchers must provide the ethics committee with information on monitoring, in particular information about serious undesirable events related to the research. Regardless of whether it is accepted by the ethics committee, the research protocol must not be altered. On completion of the research, those responsible must provide the ethics committee with a report including a summary of its results and conclusions.


Rules for research on experimental animals

All experiments carried out on animals must comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and the United Kingdom Act on Animals (scientific procedures) of 1986 and related rules, EU Directive 2010/63/EU on experiments on animals or the US National Institute of Health manual for the care and use of laboratory animals (NIH publication No. 8023 as amended in 1978). Authors must explicitly state in their manuscripts which guidelines were observed. Animals’ sex must be recorded as well as the influence (or association) of sex on the research results. Authors must abide by the rules on respecting the rights of research subjects and to attach to their manuscripts a declaration on the protection of subjects’ rights. Sample declarations are included in the Appendices of this document.


Rules for clinical studies and systematic reviews

Authors must abide by the CONSORT principles. In case of systematic reviews, they must follow the PRISMA principles. Links to these two sets of principles can be found at www.orthodont-cz.cz. Compliance with these rules is checked during peer review, and journal reviewers must declare in their reviews whether the rules were observed.




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