Česká ortodontická společnost a partneři potřebují Váš souhlas k využití jednotlivých dat. Souhlas udělíte kliknutím na políčko „OK“.


Souhlas můžete odmítnout zde


Rules are valid from January 1, 2021

Citations are ordered and numbered according to the order of their occurrence in the text. The ordinal number of the citation is given in square brackets, e.g. [1]. Citations and references are then written up in the “Literature”, “Citations” or “References” section. Use the NISO Z39.29-2005 (revised in 2010) system for references. This is a citation norm recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE): National Information Standards Organization NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010) Bibliographic References, used by the US National Library of Medicine and in this organisation’s databases.


Examples of the types of reference are given below:


Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.


(add “, et al.” if the article has more than six authors)



Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.


ELECTRONIC MATERIALS (article, book, software)

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: https://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/ Subscription required.


Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer [Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: https://www.nap.edu/catalog/10149/improving-palliative-care-for-cancer.


Golda TG, Hough PD, Gay G. APPSPACK (Asynchronous Parallel Pattern Search). Version 5.0.1 [software]. Sandia National Laboratories. 2007 Feb 16 [cited 2016 Apr 4; downloaded 2010 Jan 5]. Available from: https://dakota.sandia.gov/packages/hopspack


A detailed description of the citation norms and references is available here:



The full description of the citation norm is available here:



Important note - DOI

If the source is in the DOI system, it is necessary to add the DOI information to the reference. Usually it is appended to the reference in format such as "DOI: 10.1002/jso.20028"


The abbreviated titles of the most often cited orthodontics and dentistry journals are available here (.pdf)

or in the following table:

Abbreviation of journals titles

American journal of orthodontics

Amer. J. Orthodont.

American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics

Amer. J. Orthodont. dentofacial Orthop.

American journal of physical anthropology

Amer. J. phys. Anthropol.

Angle orthodontist

Angle Orthodont.

British journal of orthodontics

Brit. J. Orthodont.

Česká stomatologie

Ces. Stomat.

Československá stomatologie

Cs. Stomat.

European journal of orthodontics

Eur. J. Orthodont.

Fortschritte der Kieferorthopedie

Fortschr. Kieferorthop.

International journal of adult orthodontics and orthognathic s...

Int. J. adult Orthodont. orthognathic Surg.

Journal of clinical orthodontics

J. din. Orthodont.

Journal of prosthetic dentistry

J. prosthet. Dent.

Journal of the American Dental Association


Journal of clinical periodontology

J.clin. Periodont.

Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery

J. craniomaxillofacial Surg.

Journal of oral surgery

J. oral Surg.

Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery

J. oral maxillofacial Surg.

Journal of orthodontics

J. Orthodont.

Journal of periodontology

J. Periodont.



Praktické zubní lékařství

Prakt. zubní Lék.

Seminars in orthodontics

Semin. Orthodont.

World journal of orthodontics

World. J. Orthodont.


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